The first decision to abolish capital punishment was made by the Grand Duke Leopold II of Habsburg in Granducato di Toscana (Tuscany) on 30 November 1786. The duke cancelled the penalty and ordered to destroy all the instruments of murder in his nation after being influenced by the book the Italian Cesare Beccaria Dei Delitti e Delle Pene "On Crimes and Punishments". The anniversary of the decree is since 2000 celebrated as a holiday in Tuscany.
In 2004, as reports Amnesty International, 3,797 people in 25 nations were executed. China accounts for the bulk of these executions - 3,400 cases. Kuwait is the leader in the number of executions per 100,000 residents - 400 compared to 260 in China and 230 in Iran, the runner-up on the total number, 159 (Wikipedia). In most nations, death penalty is used to punish criminals for war crimes or serious crimes associated with physical injury. In Asia (Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand) it is used to punish for drug-related crimes, even though these crimes are mot related to physical injury.
An introduction in three parts:
1. A sentence saying why the topic is interesting and relevant.
2. A sentence (or two) mentioning the difficulties and issues involved in the topic.
3. An outline of the essay.
Main paragraphs with:
1. A topic sentence which gives a main idea/argument which tells us what the whole paragraph is about.
2. Evidence from outside sources which support the argument(s) put forward in the topic sentence.
3. Some personal input from the author analysing the points put forward in the topic sentence and the outside sources.
1767 - Cesare Beccaria''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s essay, On Crimes and Punishment, theorizes that there is no justification for the state to take a life.
1948 - The United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights proclaiming a "right to life."
Some serious criminal offenses are punishable by death, most often violent homicides where it is determined by the jury that the convicted offender lacks remorse. Capital punishment, commonly referred to as the death penalty, remains controversial and has been outlawed in some states. The following articles and resources provide a brief history of death penalty laws, notable court challenges and current statistics.
The death penalty was commonly used in Europe and the early days of the territories in the Americas, even for minor crimes of theft and for acts that wouldn''''''''''''''''t be criminal today, such as blasphemy. There was considerable variation in death penalty laws from colony to colony. Cesare Beccaria''''''''''''''''s 1767 essay On Crimes and Punishment led to the abolition of the death penalty in Austria and Tuscany. While there was no abolition in the United States, the essay''''''''''''''''s influence did result in the use commonly being restricted to very serious crimes.
One of the most popular topics for an argument essay is the death penalty. When researching a topic for an argumentative essay, accuracy is important, which means the quality of your sources is important.
If you re writing a paper about the death penalty, you can start with this list of sources, which provide arguments for all sides of the topic.
1767 - Cesare Beccaria''''s essay, On Crimes and Punishment, theorizes that there is no justification for the state to take a life.
1948 - The United Nations General Assembly adopts the Universal Declaration of Human Rights proclaiming a "right to life."
For years, criminologists analyzed murder rates to see if they fluctuated with the likelihood of convicted murderers being executed, but the results were inconclusive. Then in 1973 Isaac Ehrlich employed a new kind of analysis which produced results showing that for every inmate who was executed, 7 lives were spared because others were deterred from committing murder. Similar results have been produced by disciples of Ehrlich in follow-up studies.