Congratulations to Kirsten Morry of Newfoundland and McGill University for her winning essay ‘Magna Carta and the Canadian Access to Justice Crisis’. Read the winning essay.
The Magna Carta and its companion document, the Charter of the Forest, set the groundwork for many concepts that continue to define democratic life today. As symbols of justice, they also act as powerful reminders that those who govern do so only by the consent of the people.
Magna Carta still forms an important symbol of liberty today, often cited by politicians and campaigners, and is held in great respect by the British and American legal communities, Lord Denning describing it as "the greatest constitutional document of all times – the foundation of the freedom of the individual against the arbitrary authority of the despot". 
John and the rebel barons did not trust each other, and neither side seriously attempted to implement the peace accord.   The 25 barons selected for the new council were all rebels, chosen by the more extremist barons, and many among the rebels found excuses to keep their forces mobilised.    Disputes began to emerge between those rebels who had expected the charter to return lands that had been confiscated and the royalist faction. 
Ralph V. Turner considers how and why Magna Carta became a beacon of liberty in Britain and, increasingly, in the United States.
Most students of English history know that King John’s barons forced him to grant Magna Carta, the great charter of liberties that placed the English king under the law. They know that this charter, agreed by John in 1215 at Runnymede meadow and confirmed in definitive form by Henry III in 1225, is a crucial document for England’s history, likely the best known of all documents surviving from medieval England. Its attempt to impose the law’s limitations on a ruler is summarised in Chapter 39:
The 1215 Magna Carta (an English translation) 
Surety barons for the enforcement of the Magna Carta 
Given under our handthe above-named and many others being witnessesin the meadow which is called Runnymede, between Windsor and Staines, on the fifteenth day of June, in the seventeenth year of our reign.
[That is 1215the new regnal year began on 28 May.]
The Great Charter only began to lose its legal status in 1828 when original clause 36 was replaced by the ‘Offences against the Person Act’. Many further clauses were replaced by the ‘Statute Law Revision Act’ of 1863 and up to the Statute Law (Repeals) Act of 1969. Today only original clauses 1/2, 13, and 39/40 are still in force. Clause 1/2 defends the freedom and rights of the English church, clause 13 confirms the liberties and customs of London and other towns, but clause 39/40 is the most famous:
No free man shall be seized or imprisoned, or stripped of his rights or possessions, or outlawed or exiled; nor will we proceed with force against him, except by the lawful judgement of his equals or by the law of the land. To no one will we sell, to no one deny or delay right or justice.
pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator
The major similarity between the two documents is that both of them are limits on the power of the government. A secondary similarity is that they are both written contracts of sorts that spell out what governments can and cannot do.
The Governor-General''''s Prize is an annual essay competition open to students who are enrolled in an undergraduate degree at an Australian university.
For over ten years, this prestigious competition has provided students with the opportunity to be recognised for their academic skill, talent, and research.
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A jury trial , or trial by jury , is a legal proceeding in which a jury makes a decision or findings of fact , which then direct the actions of a judge. It is distinguished from a bench trial in which a judge or panel of judges makes all decisions.
The institution of trial by jury was ritually depicted by Aeschylus in the Eumenides , the third and final play of his Oresteia trilogy. In the play, the innovation is brought about by the goddess Athena , who summons twelve citizens to sit as jury. The god Apollo takes part in the trial as the advocate for the defendant Orestes and the Furies as prosecutors for the slain Clytaemnestra. In the event the jury is split six to six , and Athena dicates that in such a case, the verdict should henceforth be for acquittal.