Creative problem-solving is the mental process of searching for an original and unobvious solution to a problem. To qualify, the solution must be novel and reached independently. 
If a creative solution has broad use—that is, uses beyond its original intent—it may be referred to as an innovative solution, or an innovation. This term is also used to refer to the process of creating innovative solutions. Some innovations may also considered to be an invention.
Crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) is an approach to problem solving that asks, what is it about this location that places people at risk, or that results in opportunities for crime? In other words, why here ? Three case examples will illustrate this point:
Why here? The lavatory is in an isolated area of the building, adjacent to a ticket booth and concession stand that are active only during athletic events. The school''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s open lunch policy allows students to eat anywhere on campus, while monitors are assigned only to the cafeteria.
Early interest in the creative process examined the natural approaches taken by highly creative people in applying their personal creativity when solving problems (e.g., Crawford, 1937; Dewey, 1910; Ghiselin, 1950; Poincaré, 1924; Spearman, 1931; Wallas, 1926). The effort to make these creative processes more visible, explicit, and deliberate has been one of the most formidable challenges for researchers for many years.
Basadur, M. S., Graen, G. B. & Green, S. G. (1982). Training in creative problem solving: Effects on ideation and problem finding in an industrial research organization. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 30 , 41-70.
CPM Educational Program is a California nonprofit 501(c)(3) corporation dedicated to improving grades 6-12 mathematics instruction.
CPM’s mission is to empower mathematics students and teachers through exemplary curriculum, professional development, and leadership. We recognize and foster teacher expertise and leadership in mathematics education. We engage all students in learning mathematics through problem solving, reasoning, and communication.