Тема: Voltaire: Treatise on Tolerance - Constitution Society

Almost all of the essays elsewhere on this web site attempt to portray all points of view on a given topic. We also try to avoid criticizing the religious beliefs of any group, except when it obviously hurts other people. The essays below often deviate from the standards that we use. Quite often, they will express a single opinion and reject all other interpretations of the Torah, Christian Scriptures, Qur'an, etc. as being in error and without merit. Read them with care.

These essays do not necessarily represent the beliefs of any or all of the staff of the Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. In fact, since we are a multi-faith group, it is quite likely that the beliefs expressed in these essays will differ from at least some of our staff's opinions.

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Schools and communities must work together to counter Islamophobia, bullying and hate in all its forms. This curricular resource can help.

When many students think of buses and desegregation, their minds instantly go to Rosa Parks and the 1954 Montgomery Bus Boycott. But the larger civil rights fight over transportation took place seven years later with the Freedom Rides.

Almost all of the essays elsewhere on this web site attempt to portray all points of view on a given topic. We also try to avoid criticizing the religious beliefs of any group, except when it obviously hurts other people. The essays below often deviate from the standards that we use. Quite often, they will express a single opinion and reject all other interpretations of the Torah, Christian Scriptures, Qur''''''''''''''''an, etc. as being in error and without merit. Read them with care.

If you are distressed at the contents of any of these essays, we invite you to write a rebuttal and submit it to us. We will seriously consider adding it to this section.

All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional.

whether you are an evangelical, secularist, other religious conservative, religious liberal, Deist, Wiccan, other Pagan, progressive, animist, theist, fundamentalist, Atheist, bitheist, polytheist, secular humanist, Agnostic, etc.

Everyone should find their beliefs & practices accurately described here.

Transgender persons and transsexuals: These terms refer to people who were identified as being of one gender when they were born, and who now identify being of the opposite gender or, rarely, as having no gender or an intermediate gender. With the legalization of same-sex marriage during mid-2015, many religious and socially conservative agencies who opposed equality for lesbians, gays and bisexuals quickly switched much of their emphasis to opposing equal rights for transgender persons and transsexuals.

Joel Engardio is a program strategist for the American Civil Liberties Union in San Francisco. He has written for the New York Times, USA Today and other papers. Knocking , his documentary about Jehovah's Witnesses, aired on PBS earlier this year. Photo courtesy of Joel Engardio hide caption

I was raised as a Jehovah's Witness. If I ever knocked on your door when you were mowing the lawn or taking a nap, please excuse me. I understand: A kid with a Watchtower magazine on your front porch isn't a Girl Scout with cookies, but, hey, you didn't have to sic your dog on me.

Schools and communities must work together to counter Islamophobia, bullying and hate in all its forms. This curricular resource can help.

When many students think of buses and desegregation, their minds instantly go to Rosa Parks and the 1954 Montgomery Bus Boycott. But the larger civil rights fight over transportation took place seven years later with the Freedom Rides.

Almost all of the essays elsewhere on this web site attempt to portray all points of view on a given topic. We also try to avoid criticizing the religious beliefs of any group, except when it obviously hurts other people. The essays below often deviate from the standards that we use. Quite often, they will express a single opinion and reject all other interpretations of the Torah, Christian Scriptures, Qur''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''an, etc. as being in error and without merit. Read them with care.

If you are distressed at the contents of any of these essays, we invite you to write a rebuttal and submit it to us. We will seriously consider adding it to this section.

All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional.

whether you are an evangelical, secularist, other religious conservative, religious liberal, Deist, Wiccan, other Pagan, progressive, animist, theist, fundamentalist, Atheist, bitheist, polytheist, secular humanist, Agnostic, etc.

Everyone should find their beliefs & practices accurately described here.

Transgender persons and transsexuals: These terms refer to people who were identified as being of one gender when they were born, and who now identify being of the opposite gender or, rarely, as having no gender or an intermediate gender. With the legalization of same-sex marriage during mid-2015, many religious and socially conservative agencies who opposed equality for lesbians, gays and bisexuals quickly switched much of their emphasis to opposing equal rights for transgender persons and transsexuals.

Joel Engardio is a program strategist for the American Civil Liberties Union in San Francisco. He has written for the New York Times, USA Today and other papers. Knocking , his documentary about Jehovah''s Witnesses, aired on PBS earlier this year. Photo courtesy of Joel Engardio hide caption

I was raised as a Jehovah''s Witness. If I ever knocked on your door when you were mowing the lawn or taking a nap, please excuse me. I understand: A kid with a Watchtower magazine on your front porch isn''t a Girl Scout with cookies, but, hey, you didn''t have to sic your dog on me.

Schools and communities must work together to counter Islamophobia, bullying and hate in all its forms. This curricular resource can help.

When many students think of buses and desegregation, their minds instantly go to Rosa Parks and the 1954 Montgomery Bus Boycott. But the larger civil rights fight over transportation took place seven years later with the Freedom Rides.

Almost all of the essays elsewhere on this web site attempt to portray all points of view on a given topic. We also try to avoid criticizing the religious beliefs of any group, except when it obviously hurts other people. The essays below often deviate from the standards that we use. Quite often, they will express a single opinion and reject all other interpretations of the Torah, Christian Scriptures, Qur''''an, etc. as being in error and without merit. Read them with care.

If you are distressed at the contents of any of these essays, we invite you to write a rebuttal and submit it to us. We will seriously consider adding it to this section.

All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional.

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Schools and communities must work together to counter Islamophobia, bullying and hate in all its forms. This curricular resource can help.

When many students think of buses and desegregation, their minds instantly go to Rosa Parks and the 1954 Montgomery Bus Boycott. But the larger civil rights fight over transportation took place seven years later with the Freedom Rides.

Almost all of the essays elsewhere on this web site attempt to portray all points of view on a given topic. We also try to avoid criticizing the religious beliefs of any group, except when it obviously hurts other people. The essays below often deviate from the standards that we use. Quite often, they will express a single opinion and reject all other interpretations of the Torah, Christian Scriptures, Qur''''''''an, etc. as being in error and without merit. Read them with care.

If you are distressed at the contents of any of these essays, we invite you to write a rebuttal and submit it to us. We will seriously consider adding it to this section.

All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional.

whether you are an evangelical, secularist, other religious conservative, religious liberal, Deist, Wiccan, other Pagan, progressive, animist, theist, fundamentalist, Atheist, bitheist, polytheist, secular humanist, Agnostic, etc.

Everyone should find their beliefs & practices accurately described here.

Transgender persons and transsexuals: These terms refer to people who were identified as being of one gender when they were born, and who now identify being of the opposite gender or, rarely, as having no gender or an intermediate gender. With the legalization of same-sex marriage during mid-2015, many religious and socially conservative agencies who opposed equality for lesbians, gays and bisexuals quickly switched much of their emphasis to opposing equal rights for transgender persons and transsexuals.

Check out this website: http://www.teachersagainstprejudice.org/ I think you ll find some helpful and interesting information. Good luck.

TREATISE ON TOLERANCE. ON THE OCCASION OF THE DEATH OF JEAN CALAS. I. A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE DEATH OF JEAN CALAS. The murder of Jean Calas, committed in Toulouse with.

What is Tolerance? Tolerance is the appreciation of diversity and the ability to live and let others live. It is the ability to exercise a fair and objective attitude towards those whose opinions, practices, religion, nationality and so on differ from one s own.[1] As William Ury notes, "tolerance is not just agreeing with one another or remaining indifferent in the face of injustice, but rather showing respect for the essential humanity in every person."[2] Intolerance is the failure to appreciate and respect the practices, opinions and beliefs of another group. For instance, there is a high degree of intolerance between Israeli Jews and Palestinians who are at odds over issues of identity, security, self-determination, statehood, the right of return for refugees, the status of Jerusalem and many other issues. The result is continuing inter-group violence. Why Does Tolerance Matter? At a recent post-9/11 conference on multiculturalism in the United States, participants asked, "How can we be tolerant of those who are intolerant of us?"[3] For many, tolerating intolerance is neither acceptable nor possible. Though tolerance may seem an impossible exercise in certain situations -- as illustrated by Hobbes in the introductory caption to this essay -- being tolerant nonetheless remains key to easing hostile tensions between groups and to helping communities move past intractable conflict. That is because tolerance is integral to different groups relating to one another in a respectful and understanding way. In cases where communities have been deeply entrenched in violent conflict, being tolerant helps the affected groups endure the pain of the past and resolve their differences. In Rwanda, the Hutus and the Tutsis have tolerated a reconciliation process, which has helped them to work through their anger and resentment towards one another. Angela Khaminwa emphasizes the flexibility of meanings of the concept "coexistence." The Origins of Intolerance In situations where conditions are economically depressed and politically charged, groups and individuals may find it hard to tolerate those that are different from them or have caused them harm. In such cases, discrimination, dehumanization, repression, and violence may occur. This can be seen in the context of Kosovo, where Kosovar Alabanians, grappling with poverty and unemployment, needed a scapegoat, and supported an aggressive Serbian attack against neighboring Bosnian Muslim and Croatian neighbors. The Consequences of Intolerance Intolerance will drive groups apart, creating a sense of permanent separation between them. For example, though the laws of apartheid in South Africa were abolished nine years ago, there still exists a noticeable level of personal separation between black and white South Africans, as evidenced in studies on the levels of perceived social distance between the two groups.[4] This continued racial division perpetuates the problems of inter-group resentment and hostility. How is Intolerance Perpetuated? Between Individuals: In the absence of their own experiences, individuals base their impressions and opinions of one another on assumptions. These assumptions can be influenced by the positive or negative beliefs of those who are either closest or most influential in their lives, including parents or other family members, colleagues, educators, and/or role models. In the Media: Individual attitudes are influenced by the images of other groups in the media and the press. For instance, many Serbian communities believed that the western media portrayed a negative image of the Serbian people during the NATO bombing in Kosovo and Serbia.[5] This de-humanization may have contributed to the West s willingness to bomb Serbia. However, there are studies that suggest media images may not influence individuals in all cases. For example, a study conducted on stereotypes discovered people of specific towns in southeastern Australia did not agree with the negative stereotypes of Muslims presented in the media.[6] In Education: There exists school curriculum and educational literature that provide biased and/or negative historical accounts of world cultures. Education or schooling based on myths can demonize and dehumanize other cultures rather than promote cultural understanding and a tolerance for diversity and differences. What Can Be Done to Deal with Intolerance? To encourage tolerance, parties to a conflict and third parties must remind themselves and others that tolerating tolerance is preferable to tolerating intolerance. Following are some useful strategies that may be used as tools to promote tolerance. Inter-Group Contact: There is evidence that casual inter-group contact does not necessarily reduce inter-group tensions, and may in fact exacerbate existing animosities. However, through intimate inter-group contact, groups will base their opinions of one another on personal experiences, which can reduce prejudices. Intimate inter-group contact should be sustained over a week or longer in order for it to be effective.[7] In Dialogue: To enhance communication between both sides, dialogue mechanisms such as dialogue groups or problem solving workshops provide opportunities for both sides to express their needs and interests. In such cases, actors engaged in the workshops or similar forums feel their concerns have been heard and recognized. Restorative justice programs such as victim-offender mediation provide this kind of opportunity. For instance, through victim-offender mediation, victims can ask for an apology from the offender.

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Schools and communities must work together to counter Islamophobia, bullying and hate in all its forms. This curricular resource can help.

When many students think of buses and desegregation, their minds instantly go to Rosa Parks and the 1954 Montgomery Bus Boycott. But the larger civil rights fight over transportation took place seven years later with the Freedom Rides.

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Schools and communities must work together to counter Islamophobia, bullying and hate in all its forms. This curricular resource can help.

When many students think of buses and desegregation, their minds instantly go to Rosa Parks and the 1954 Montgomery Bus Boycott. But the larger civil rights fight over transportation took place seven years later with the Freedom Rides.

Almost all of the essays elsewhere on this web site attempt to portray all points of view on a given topic. We also try to avoid criticizing the religious beliefs of any group, except when it obviously hurts other people. The essays below often deviate from the standards that we use. Quite often, they will express a single opinion and reject all other interpretations of the Torah, Christian Scriptures, Qur'an, etc. as being in error and without merit. Read them with care.

If you are distressed at the contents of any of these essays, we invite you to write a rebuttal and submit it to us. We will seriously consider adding it to this section.

11

In the ancient world the Assyrians favored a policy of terror and harshness. They believed it the best way to tame conquered peoples and hold on to conquered territory. The ancient Persians, however followed the opposite policy of gentleness and autonomy (letting conquered peoples rule themselves as long as they stayed loyal to Persia). Hope it helps, you can Google for more info.

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Schools and communities must work together to counter Islamophobia, bullying and hate in all its forms. This curricular resource can help.

When many students think of buses and desegregation, their minds instantly go to Rosa Parks and the 1954 Montgomery Bus Boycott. But the larger civil rights fight over transportation took place seven years later with the Freedom Rides.

Almost all of the essays elsewhere on this web site attempt to portray all points of view on a given topic. We also try to avoid criticizing the religious beliefs of any group, except when it obviously hurts other people. The essays below often deviate from the standards that we use. Quite often, they will express a single opinion and reject all other interpretations of the Torah, Christian Scriptures, Qur''an, etc. as being in error and without merit. Read them with care.

If you are distressed at the contents of any of these essays, we invite you to write a rebuttal and submit it to us. We will seriously consider adding it to this section.