Тема: Doing a research paper and I have in-text citation questions. MLA format?

Paper topics may cover areas including, but not limited to: community involvement, environment, business ethics and governance, labor and workplace practices, sustainability in product development, cause related marketing, international expansion in emerging markets, and partnerships and alliances with nonprofit and public organizations.

Laura Clancy 07 worked with kasina , a mid-sized B2B consulting firm. Her paper Doing All the Right Things: kasina and the kasina Youth Foundation evaluates the firms efforts to develop a philanthropy and volunteer strategy, and the lessons for other small and medium enterprises.

Proponents argue that corporations increase long-term profits by operating with a CSR perspective, while critics argue that CSR distracts from businesses'''''''''''''''' economic role. A 2000 study compared existing econometric studies of the relationship between social and financial performance, concluding that the contradictory results of previous studies reporting positive, negative, and neutral financial impact, were due to flawed empirical analysis and claimed when the study is properly specified, CSR has a neutral impact on financial outcomes. [5]

Critics [6] [7] questioned the "lofty" and sometimes "unrealistic expectations" in CSR. [8] or that CSR is merely window-dressing , or an attempt to pre-empt the role of governments as a watchdog over powerful multinational corporations.

[1] Apple Support for Charity (2015) Available at:

[2] Gurman, M. (2015) “Apple launching volunteer program for employees to help local communities” Available at:

This essay discusses the perplexities and challenges of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The essay features the “what”, “why”, and “how” of CSR.

To augment the Essential Knowledge Project, this essay discusses the perplexities and challenges of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The essay features the “what,” “why,” and “how” of CSR. As they help formulate CSR standards and give voice to organizations, public relations practitioners can use experts’ carefully considered thoughts as well as research findings to determine the best plan of action. Internally and externally, practitioners can help build a foundation for image/reputation management, brand equity, relationship management, issues management, and crisis management.

Rather than articulating a set of principles that purports to offer necessary and sufficient conditions for CSR, this article focuses on the conceptual structure of CSR and the relations between its elements as depicted in three different schematic descriptions ( Figure 1 ): pyramid, intersecting circles, and concentric circles.

Three Basic Models of CSR: Relationships between Domains of Responsibility.
iFor the sake of comparison, Figure 1b includes all four domains of responsibility. This prototype model represents the general idea of intersecting circles, rather than trying to depict every one of the resultant categories.

Proponents argue that corporations increase long-term profits by operating with a CSR perspective, while critics argue that CSR distracts from businesses' economic role. A 2000 study compared existing econometric studies of the relationship between social and financial performance, concluding that the contradictory results of previous studies reporting positive, negative, and neutral financial impact, were due to flawed empirical analysis and claimed when the study is properly specified, CSR has a neutral impact on financial outcomes. [5]

Critics [6] [7] questioned the "lofty" and sometimes "unrealistic expectations" in CSR. [8] or that CSR is merely window-dressing , or an attempt to pre-empt the role of governments as a watchdog over powerful multinational corporations.

Proponents argue that corporations increase long-term profits by operating with a CSR perspective, while critics argue that CSR distracts from businesses'''''''' economic role. A 2000 study compared existing econometric studies of the relationship between social and financial performance, concluding that the contradictory results of previous studies reporting positive, negative, and neutral financial impact, were due to flawed empirical analysis and claimed when the study is properly specified, CSR has a neutral impact on financial outcomes. [5]

Critics [6] [7] questioned the "lofty" and sometimes "unrealistic expectations" in CSR. [8] or that CSR is merely window-dressing , or an attempt to pre-empt the role of governments as a watchdog over powerful multinational corporations.

[1] Apple Support for Charity (2015) Available at:

[2] Gurman, M. (2015) “Apple launching volunteer program for employees to help local communities” Available at:

This essay discusses the perplexities and challenges of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The essay features the “what”, “why”, and “how” of CSR.

To augment the Essential Knowledge Project, this essay discusses the perplexities and challenges of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The essay features the “what,” “why,” and “how” of CSR. As they help formulate CSR standards and give voice to organizations, public relations practitioners can use experts’ carefully considered thoughts as well as research findings to determine the best plan of action. Internally and externally, practitioners can help build a foundation for image/reputation management, brand equity, relationship management, issues management, and crisis management.

Proponents argue that corporations increase long-term profits by operating with a CSR perspective, while critics argue that CSR distracts from businesses'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''' economic role. A 2000 study compared existing econometric studies of the relationship between social and financial performance, concluding that the contradictory results of previous studies reporting positive, negative, and neutral financial impact, were due to flawed empirical analysis and claimed when the study is properly specified, CSR has a neutral impact on financial outcomes. [5]

Critics [6] [7] questioned the "lofty" and sometimes "unrealistic expectations" in CSR. [8] or that CSR is merely window-dressing , or an attempt to pre-empt the role of governments as a watchdog over powerful multinational corporations.

[1] Apple Support for Charity (2015) Available at:

[2] Gurman, M. (2015) “Apple launching volunteer program for employees to help local communities” Available at:

This essay discusses the perplexities and challenges of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The essay features the “what”, “why”, and “how” of CSR.

To augment the Essential Knowledge Project, this essay discusses the perplexities and challenges of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The essay features the “what,” “why,” and “how” of CSR. As they help formulate CSR standards and give voice to organizations, public relations practitioners can use experts’ carefully considered thoughts as well as research findings to determine the best plan of action. Internally and externally, practitioners can help build a foundation for image/reputation management, brand equity, relationship management, issues management, and crisis management.

Rather than articulating a set of principles that purports to offer necessary and sufficient conditions for CSR, this article focuses on the conceptual structure of CSR and the relations between its elements as depicted in three different schematic descriptions ( Figure 1 ): pyramid, intersecting circles, and concentric circles.

Three Basic Models of CSR: Relationships between Domains of Responsibility.
iFor the sake of comparison, Figure 1b includes all four domains of responsibility. This prototype model represents the general idea of intersecting circles, rather than trying to depict every one of the resultant categories.

To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser.

Emerald Group Publishing has become the world's leading scholarly publisher of journals and books in business and management

6

BUSINESS Carroll / CORPORATE & SOCIETY SOCIAL / September RESPONSIBILITY.

Hi Shell have done a study of corporate and environmental responsibility in Nigeria It is section 10 of the pdf report you can access here http://www.cix.co.uk/~pirc/shell.pdf There is a research paper outlining the problematic of sustainable development and corporate social responsibility. Policy implications for the Niger Delta. http://www.urhobo.kinsfolk.com/Conferences/SecondAnnualConference/ConferenceMatters/Natufe.htm Another source is Comunity Relations,Development Impact and Revenue transparency by Dr Emmanuel - Centre for nigerian Social Responsibility http://www.internationalbudget.org/resources/library/nigeriaoil.pdf Hope this helps

8

Proponents argue that corporations increase long-term profits by operating with a CSR perspective, while critics argue that CSR distracts from businesses'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''' economic role. A 2000 study compared existing econometric studies of the relationship between social and financial performance, concluding that the contradictory results of previous studies reporting positive, negative, and neutral financial impact, were due to flawed empirical analysis and claimed when the study is properly specified, CSR has a neutral impact on financial outcomes. [5]

Critics [6] [7] questioned the "lofty" and sometimes "unrealistic expectations" in CSR. [8] or that CSR is merely window-dressing , or an attempt to pre-empt the role of governments as a watchdog over powerful multinational corporations.

[1] Apple Support for Charity (2015) Available at:

[2] Gurman, M. (2015) “Apple launching volunteer program for employees to help local communities” Available at:

This essay discusses the perplexities and challenges of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The essay features the “what”, “why”, and “how” of CSR.

To augment the Essential Knowledge Project, this essay discusses the perplexities and challenges of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The essay features the “what,” “why,” and “how” of CSR. As they help formulate CSR standards and give voice to organizations, public relations practitioners can use experts’ carefully considered thoughts as well as research findings to determine the best plan of action. Internally and externally, practitioners can help build a foundation for image/reputation management, brand equity, relationship management, issues management, and crisis management.

Rather than articulating a set of principles that purports to offer necessary and sufficient conditions for CSR, this article focuses on the conceptual structure of CSR and the relations between its elements as depicted in three different schematic descriptions ( Figure 1 ): pyramid, intersecting circles, and concentric circles.

Three Basic Models of CSR: Relationships between Domains of Responsibility.
iFor the sake of comparison, Figure 1b includes all four domains of responsibility. This prototype model represents the general idea of intersecting circles, rather than trying to depict every one of the resultant categories.

To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser.

Emerald Group Publishing has become the world''''s leading scholarly publisher of journals and books in business and management

CSR expenditure will include all expenditure, direct and indirect, incurred by the Company on CSR Programmes undertaken in accordance with the approved CSR Plan. Moreover, any surplus arising from any CSR Programmes shall be used for CSR. Accordingly, any income arising from CSR Programmes will be netted off from the CSR expenditure and such net amount will be reported as CSR expenditure.

Proponents argue that corporations increase long-term profits by operating with a CSR perspective, while critics argue that CSR distracts from businesses'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''' economic role. A 2000 study compared existing econometric studies of the relationship between social and financial performance, concluding that the contradictory results of previous studies reporting positive, negative, and neutral financial impact, were due to flawed empirical analysis and claimed when the study is properly specified, CSR has a neutral impact on financial outcomes. [5]

Critics [6] [7] questioned the "lofty" and sometimes "unrealistic expectations" in CSR. [8] or that CSR is merely window-dressing , or an attempt to pre-empt the role of governments as a watchdog over powerful multinational corporations.

[1] Apple Support for Charity (2015) Available at:

[2] Gurman, M. (2015) “Apple launching volunteer program for employees to help local communities” Available at:

This essay discusses the perplexities and challenges of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The essay features the “what”, “why”, and “how” of CSR.

To augment the Essential Knowledge Project, this essay discusses the perplexities and challenges of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The essay features the “what,” “why,” and “how” of CSR. As they help formulate CSR standards and give voice to organizations, public relations practitioners can use experts’ carefully considered thoughts as well as research findings to determine the best plan of action. Internally and externally, practitioners can help build a foundation for image/reputation management, brand equity, relationship management, issues management, and crisis management.

Rather than articulating a set of principles that purports to offer necessary and sufficient conditions for CSR, this article focuses on the conceptual structure of CSR and the relations between its elements as depicted in three different schematic descriptions ( Figure 1 ): pyramid, intersecting circles, and concentric circles.

Three Basic Models of CSR: Relationships between Domains of Responsibility.
iFor the sake of comparison, Figure 1b includes all four domains of responsibility. This prototype model represents the general idea of intersecting circles, rather than trying to depict every one of the resultant categories.

To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser.

10

Proponents argue that corporations increase long-term profits by operating with a CSR perspective, while critics argue that CSR distracts from businesses'' economic role. A 2000 study compared existing econometric studies of the relationship between social and financial performance, concluding that the contradictory results of previous studies reporting positive, negative, and neutral financial impact, were due to flawed empirical analysis and claimed when the study is properly specified, CSR has a neutral impact on financial outcomes. [5]

Critics [6] [7] questioned the "lofty" and sometimes "unrealistic expectations" in CSR. [8] or that CSR is merely window-dressing , or an attempt to pre-empt the role of governments as a watchdog over powerful multinational corporations.

[1] Apple Support for Charity (2015) Available at:

[2] Gurman, M. (2015) “Apple launching volunteer program for employees to help local communities” Available at:

I think that your choice is an excellent one, google is a world class company and a full-fleged report on it would be amazing.

12

Proponents argue that corporations increase long-term profits by operating with a CSR perspective, while critics argue that CSR distracts from businesses'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''' economic role. A 2000 study compared existing econometric studies of the relationship between social and financial performance, concluding that the contradictory results of previous studies reporting positive, negative, and neutral financial impact, were due to flawed empirical analysis and claimed when the study is properly specified, CSR has a neutral impact on financial outcomes. [5]

Critics [6] [7] questioned the "lofty" and sometimes "unrealistic expectations" in CSR. [8] or that CSR is merely window-dressing , or an attempt to pre-empt the role of governments as a watchdog over powerful multinational corporations.

[1] Apple Support for Charity (2015) Available at:

[2] Gurman, M. (2015) “Apple launching volunteer program for employees to help local communities” Available at:

This essay discusses the perplexities and challenges of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The essay features the “what”, “why”, and “how” of CSR.

To augment the Essential Knowledge Project, this essay discusses the perplexities and challenges of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The essay features the “what,” “why,” and “how” of CSR. As they help formulate CSR standards and give voice to organizations, public relations practitioners can use experts’ carefully considered thoughts as well as research findings to determine the best plan of action. Internally and externally, practitioners can help build a foundation for image/reputation management, brand equity, relationship management, issues management, and crisis management.

Rather than articulating a set of principles that purports to offer necessary and sufficient conditions for CSR, this article focuses on the conceptual structure of CSR and the relations between its elements as depicted in three different schematic descriptions ( Figure 1 ): pyramid, intersecting circles, and concentric circles.

Three Basic Models of CSR: Relationships between Domains of Responsibility.
iFor the sake of comparison, Figure 1b includes all four domains of responsibility. This prototype model represents the general idea of intersecting circles, rather than trying to depict every one of the resultant categories.

13

Proponents argue that corporations increase long-term profits by operating with a CSR perspective, while critics argue that CSR distracts from businesses'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''' economic role. A 2000 study compared existing econometric studies of the relationship between social and financial performance, concluding that the contradictory results of previous studies reporting positive, negative, and neutral financial impact, were due to flawed empirical analysis and claimed when the study is properly specified, CSR has a neutral impact on financial outcomes. [5]

Critics [6] [7] questioned the "lofty" and sometimes "unrealistic expectations" in CSR. [8] or that CSR is merely window-dressing , or an attempt to pre-empt the role of governments as a watchdog over powerful multinational corporations.

[1] Apple Support for Charity (2015) Available at:

[2] Gurman, M. (2015) “Apple launching volunteer program for employees to help local communities” Available at:

This essay discusses the perplexities and challenges of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The essay features the “what”, “why”, and “how” of CSR.

To augment the Essential Knowledge Project, this essay discusses the perplexities and challenges of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The essay features the “what,” “why,” and “how” of CSR. As they help formulate CSR standards and give voice to organizations, public relations practitioners can use experts’ carefully considered thoughts as well as research findings to determine the best plan of action. Internally and externally, practitioners can help build a foundation for image/reputation management, brand equity, relationship management, issues management, and crisis management.

Rather than articulating a set of principles that purports to offer necessary and sufficient conditions for CSR, this article focuses on the conceptual structure of CSR and the relations between its elements as depicted in three different schematic descriptions ( Figure 1 ): pyramid, intersecting circles, and concentric circles.

Three Basic Models of CSR: Relationships between Domains of Responsibility.
iFor the sake of comparison, Figure 1b includes all four domains of responsibility. This prototype model represents the general idea of intersecting circles, rather than trying to depict every one of the resultant categories.

To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser.

Emerald Group Publishing has become the world''s leading scholarly publisher of journals and books in business and management

14

Proponents argue that corporations increase long-term profits by operating with a CSR perspective, while critics argue that CSR distracts from businesses'''' economic role. A 2000 study compared existing econometric studies of the relationship between social and financial performance, concluding that the contradictory results of previous studies reporting positive, negative, and neutral financial impact, were due to flawed empirical analysis and claimed when the study is properly specified, CSR has a neutral impact on financial outcomes. [5]

Critics [6] [7] questioned the "lofty" and sometimes "unrealistic expectations" in CSR. [8] or that CSR is merely window-dressing , or an attempt to pre-empt the role of governments as a watchdog over powerful multinational corporations.

[1] Apple Support for Charity (2015) Available at:

[2] Gurman, M. (2015) “Apple launching volunteer program for employees to help local communities” Available at: