Тема: APA STYLE HELP!! psychology?

The American Psychological Association's (APA) method of citation is one of the most widely used styles for writing scientific and research papers, particularly in the areas of psychology, sociology, business, mathematics, economics, nursing and criminal justice. While this style often can be intimidating, here are some basic guidelines for when you need to write an APA style paper.

Have a look here: http://writing2.richmond.edu/writing/wweb/psychology/samplelab.pdf Lab reports are very different to what you have been used to writing in high school so that s probably why you are struggling. But it will get easier with practice as you work out your individual style.

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The American Psychological Association''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s (APA) method of citation is one of the most widely used styles for writing scientific and research papers, particularly in the areas of psychology, sociology, business, mathematics, economics, nursing and criminal justice. While this style often can be intimidating, here are some basic guidelines for when you need to write an APA style paper.

Learn how you can help APA advocate for psychology-informed federal policy and legislation, and support psychological research.

The introduction of an APA-style paper is the most difficult to write. A good introduction will summarize, integrate, and critically evaluate the empirical knowledge in the relevant area(s) in a way that sets the stage for your study and why you conducted it. The introduction starts out broad (but not too broad!) and gets more focused toward the end. Here are some guidelines for constructing a good introduction:

Include an apparatus section if you used specialized equipment for your study (e.g., the eyetracking machine) and need to describe it in detail.

This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue ( When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice at bottom.

Summary:

APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association , (6 th ed., 2 nd printing).

Douglas Degelman, PhD
Vanguard University of Southern California
Print version (PDF)
Last modified July 21, 2014

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed., 2010) and the APA Style web site ( ) provide a comprehensive reference guide to writing using APA style, organization, and content. To order a copy of the Publication Manual online, go to To view “PDF” documents referenced on this APA Style Essentials page, you need Adobe Acrobat Reader. To download the free Acrobat Reader, go to

The American Psychological Association''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s (APA) method of citation is one of the most widely used styles for writing scientific and research papers, particularly in the areas of psychology, sociology, business, mathematics, economics, nursing and criminal justice. While this style often can be intimidating, here are some basic guidelines for when you need to write an APA style paper.

Learn how you can help APA advocate for psychology-informed federal policy and legislation, and support psychological research.

The introduction of an APA-style paper is the most difficult to write. A good introduction will summarize, integrate, and critically evaluate the empirical knowledge in the relevant area(s) in a way that sets the stage for your study and why you conducted it. The introduction starts out broad (but not too broad!) and gets more focused toward the end. Here are some guidelines for constructing a good introduction:

Include an apparatus section if you used specialized equipment for your study (e.g., the eyetracking machine) and need to describe it in detail.

This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue ( When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice at bottom.

Summary:

APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association , (6 th ed., 2 nd printing).

Douglas Degelman, PhD
Vanguard University of Southern California
Print version (PDF)
Last modified July 21, 2014

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed., 2010) and the APA Style web site ( ) provide a comprehensive reference guide to writing using APA style, organization, and content. To order a copy of the Publication Manual online, go to To view “PDF” documents referenced on this APA Style Essentials page, you need Adobe Acrobat Reader. To download the free Acrobat Reader, go to

Technically speaking, there''''''''s no "APA style bibliography." A traditional bibliography is a list of all the sources consulted while you research and write. Some people use the term "bibliography" more loosely, however, to mean the list of works cited in an article. You should provide a list of the works you directly cite in an APA-formatted paper. APA style calls this list a references page.

Writing APA-style papers is a tricky business. So to complement my discussion of writing publishable scientific articles , I’ve created an infographic showing some of the major ideas you should consider when writing the introduction to an APA-style research paper. This approach will work well in most social scientific fields, especially Psychology. If you’re writing a short paper, you might only have the first section (the “intro to the intro”) and something like either Subheading 2 or 3. It all depends on the particular research question you’re asking!

The key to writing scientific papers is that you throw out most of what you know about writing stories. Scientific research papers are based upon logical, organized arguments, and scientists expect to see a certain structure of ideas when they read papers. So if you want your paper to be read, you need to meet those expectations.

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Yes, many people have. The most famous is John Milton. His epic poem "Paradise Lost," one of the most famous poems in the English language, is often interpreted as sympathetic towards Satan. Even if you never read it, you should definitely know about it. Recently, British author Phillip Pullman has written a highly regarded fantasy trilogy (His Dark Materials) based off Paradise Lost. It is much more accessible to modern readers. It does use symbolism, though; it s not Lucifer/Satan himself who is portrayed sympathetically, but a character who stands for him.

The American Psychological Association''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s (APA) method of citation is one of the most widely used styles for writing scientific and research papers, particularly in the areas of psychology, sociology, business, mathematics, economics, nursing and criminal justice. While this style often can be intimidating, here are some basic guidelines for when you need to write an APA style paper.

Learn how you can help APA advocate for psychology-informed federal policy and legislation, and support psychological research.

The introduction of an APA-style paper is the most difficult to write. A good introduction will summarize, integrate, and critically evaluate the empirical knowledge in the relevant area(s) in a way that sets the stage for your study and why you conducted it. The introduction starts out broad (but not too broad!) and gets more focused toward the end. Here are some guidelines for constructing a good introduction:

Include an apparatus section if you used specialized equipment for your study (e.g., the eyetracking machine) and need to describe it in detail.

This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue ( When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice at bottom.

Summary:

APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association , (6 th ed., 2 nd printing).

Douglas Degelman, PhD
Vanguard University of Southern California
Print version (PDF)
Last modified July 21, 2014

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed., 2010) and the APA Style web site ( ) provide a comprehensive reference guide to writing using APA style, organization, and content. To order a copy of the Publication Manual online, go to To view “PDF” documents referenced on this APA Style Essentials page, you need Adobe Acrobat Reader. To download the free Acrobat Reader, go to

Technically speaking, there''s no "APA style bibliography." A traditional bibliography is a list of all the sources consulted while you research and write. Some people use the term "bibliography" more loosely, however, to mean the list of works cited in an article. You should provide a list of the works you directly cite in an APA-formatted paper. APA style calls this list a references page.

Writing APA-style papers is a tricky business. So to complement my discussion of writing publishable scientific articles , I’ve created an infographic showing some of the major ideas you should consider when writing the introduction to an APA-style research paper. This approach will work well in most social scientific fields, especially Psychology. If you’re writing a short paper, you might only have the first section (the “intro to the intro”) and something like either Subheading 2 or 3. It all depends on the particular research question you’re asking!

The key to writing scientific papers is that you throw out most of what you know about writing stories. Scientific research papers are based upon logical, organized arguments, and scientists expect to see a certain structure of ideas when they read papers. So if you want your paper to be read, you need to meet those expectations.

The American Psychological Association''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s (APA) method of citation is one of the most widely used styles for writing scientific and research papers, particularly in the areas of psychology, sociology, business, mathematics, economics, nursing and criminal justice. While this style often can be intimidating, here are some basic guidelines for when you need to write an APA style paper.

Learn how you can help APA advocate for psychology-informed federal policy and legislation, and support psychological research.

The introduction of an APA-style paper is the most difficult to write. A good introduction will summarize, integrate, and critically evaluate the empirical knowledge in the relevant area(s) in a way that sets the stage for your study and why you conducted it. The introduction starts out broad (but not too broad!) and gets more focused toward the end. Here are some guidelines for constructing a good introduction:

Include an apparatus section if you used specialized equipment for your study (e.g., the eyetracking machine) and need to describe it in detail.

This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue ( When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice at bottom.

Summary:

APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association , (6 th ed., 2 nd printing).

Douglas Degelman, PhD
Vanguard University of Southern California
Print version (PDF)
Last modified July 21, 2014

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed., 2010) and the APA Style web site ( ) provide a comprehensive reference guide to writing using APA style, organization, and content. To order a copy of the Publication Manual online, go to To view “PDF” documents referenced on this APA Style Essentials page, you need Adobe Acrobat Reader. To download the free Acrobat Reader, go to

Technically speaking, there's no "APA style bibliography." A traditional bibliography is a list of all the sources consulted while you research and write. Some people use the term "bibliography" more loosely, however, to mean the list of works cited in an article. You should provide a list of the works you directly cite in an APA-formatted paper. APA style calls this list a references page.

Click here how to write a psychology paper apa style

The American Psychological Association''s (APA) method of citation is one of the most widely used styles for writing scientific and research papers, particularly in the areas of psychology, sociology, business, mathematics, economics, nursing and criminal justice. While this style often can be intimidating, here are some basic guidelines for when you need to write an APA style paper.

The American Psychological Association''''''''''''''''s (APA) method of citation is one of the most widely used styles for writing scientific and research papers, particularly in the areas of psychology, sociology, business, mathematics, economics, nursing and criminal justice. While this style often can be intimidating, here are some basic guidelines for when you need to write an APA style paper.

Learn how you can help APA advocate for psychology-informed federal policy and legislation, and support psychological research.

The introduction of an APA-style paper is the most difficult to write. A good introduction will summarize, integrate, and critically evaluate the empirical knowledge in the relevant area(s) in a way that sets the stage for your study and why you conducted it. The introduction starts out broad (but not too broad!) and gets more focused toward the end. Here are some guidelines for constructing a good introduction:

Include an apparatus section if you used specialized equipment for your study (e.g., the eyetracking machine) and need to describe it in detail.

This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue ( When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice at bottom.

Summary:

APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association , (6 th ed., 2 nd printing).

Douglas Degelman, PhD
Vanguard University of Southern California
Print version (PDF)
Last modified July 21, 2014

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed., 2010) and the APA Style web site ( ) provide a comprehensive reference guide to writing using APA style, organization, and content. To order a copy of the Publication Manual online, go to To view “PDF” documents referenced on this APA Style Essentials page, you need Adobe Acrobat Reader. To download the free Acrobat Reader, go to

The American Psychological Association''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s (APA) method of citation is one of the most widely used styles for writing scientific and research papers, particularly in the areas of psychology, sociology, business, mathematics, economics, nursing and criminal justice. While this style often can be intimidating, here are some basic guidelines for when you need to write an APA style paper.

Learn how you can help APA advocate for psychology-informed federal policy and legislation, and support psychological research.

The introduction of an APA-style paper is the most difficult to write. A good introduction will summarize, integrate, and critically evaluate the empirical knowledge in the relevant area(s) in a way that sets the stage for your study and why you conducted it. The introduction starts out broad (but not too broad!) and gets more focused toward the end. Here are some guidelines for constructing a good introduction:

Include an apparatus section if you used specialized equipment for your study (e.g., the eyetracking machine) and need to describe it in detail.

This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue ( When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice at bottom.

Summary:

APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association , (6 th ed., 2 nd printing).

Douglas Degelman, PhD
Vanguard University of Southern California
Print version (PDF)
Last modified July 21, 2014

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed., 2010) and the APA Style web site ( ) provide a comprehensive reference guide to writing using APA style, organization, and content. To order a copy of the Publication Manual online, go to To view “PDF” documents referenced on this APA Style Essentials page, you need Adobe Acrobat Reader. To download the free Acrobat Reader, go to

Technically speaking, there''''s no "APA style bibliography." A traditional bibliography is a list of all the sources consulted while you research and write. Some people use the term "bibliography" more loosely, however, to mean the list of works cited in an article. You should provide a list of the works you directly cite in an APA-formatted paper. APA style calls this list a references page.

Writing APA-style papers is a tricky business. So to complement my discussion of writing publishable scientific articles , I’ve created an infographic showing some of the major ideas you should consider when writing the introduction to an APA-style research paper. This approach will work well in most social scientific fields, especially Psychology. If you’re writing a short paper, you might only have the first section (the “intro to the intro”) and something like either Subheading 2 or 3. It all depends on the particular research question you’re asking!

The key to writing scientific papers is that you throw out most of what you know about writing stories. Scientific research papers are based upon logical, organized arguments, and scientists expect to see a certain structure of ideas when they read papers. So if you want your paper to be read, you need to meet those expectations.