Тема: FTIR Spectra, FTIR Spectral Library. FT-IR Database
V ibrational modes within a molecule can be described using the anharmonic oscillator model. This model assumes that the two masses (with known weight) are connected with a spring (with known strength). With the help of quantum mechanical calculations (Schroedinger equation) you can find the frequencies of basic stretching and bending modes:
Ring strain usually increases the C=O stretching frequency. Conjugation of teh carbonyl group with other double bonds (aromatics, alkenes) or the formation of hydrogen bonds decreases the bond strength (shift: 15-60 cm -1 to lower wavenumbers) as the following examples of cyclic ketones demonstrate.