Тема: OECD.org - Employment

Abstract. This article reviews the literature on the politics of bureaucracy in the developing world, with a focus on service delivery and bureaucratic performance.

Besides enlarging your knowledge about the topic, writing a literature review lets you gain and demonstrate skills in two areas

A literature review is a piece of discursive prose , not a list describing or summarizing one piece of literature after another. It’s usually a bad sign to see every paragraph beginning with the name of a researcher. Instead, organize the literature review into sections that present themes or identify trends, including relevant theory. You are not trying to list all the material published, but to synthesize and evaluate it according to the guiding concept of your thesis or research question

Analyse The Literature:

Browse different search engines using different keywords and explore your area of research. Recent articles, review and authentic theories are certainly a catalyst to a worthy Paper and do not forget to note down divergent researches in your subject.

The most common mistake made by any students is they usually start each paragraph with the researcher’s or theorist’s name which portraits that the paper only describes the findings and research whereas it was supposed to evaluate and compare the literature in a questioning exposure. To resolve such miseries, summarize your statements in each paragraph and then omit the details which are off the related topic, edit the information relevant to the subject or re-structure the complete paper.

Emotional abuse is one of the most prevalent forms of abuse of women by their intimate partners and its damage is unquestionably severe, undermining a woman's sense of worth, agency, and independence.

It also diminishes a woman's ability to care and provide for her children and to participate in the work force. Emotional abuse crosses all social classes, ethnic groups, sexual orientations and religions. The common denominators of abusers are personal, social and psychological, not demographic. (Miller, 1995; Burstow, 1992)


I think you mean, "Why do we need critics?" Well firstly, because we don t have time to read and watch EVERYTHING out there-- so we need others to comb through it all and tell us, roughly, what is worth our time. Secondly, critics can help us appreciate things we might not otherwise see. I always liked Stephen King as a writer, but I didn t realize that his descriptions of poverty come from his actual experiences until a critic pointed it out for me. That made his books that much more meaningful for me. Thirdly, it s another form of entertainment. Watching a movie review that makes fun of a bad movie is often more fun than watching a decent movie! Fourth, critics can help a writer get better, by pointing out what they themselves may not have noticed. Stephen King didn t realize he didn t do dialogue well until someone pointed it out for him-- now he says he works harder at it. Finally, and perhaps most importantly, critics/reviewers help new writers get noticed. With all of the millions of books published every year by famous authors, it s hard for a writer to get noticed. unless a reviewer says, "Hey, pay attention to this thing!" As for having the "right" to criticize something. If a writer publishes something, he or she is basically inviting it to be read, shared, talked about and criticized. You can t say, "Here, I wrote this thing-- I want everyone to read it and give me praise/money, but no one should disagree with it or dissect it in any way." It doesn t work like that. It would be like the owner of a floral shop saying, "Here, today I am only making bouquets out of pansies. I don t care if you like daffodils, or if you need lilies for a funeral, my creative brain only wants to do pansies." I guess if an author never wants anyone to dissect why he REALLY wrote something, or what it REALLY means, he should never share it with anyone.

CCIRDT and NICSN Literature Review: prepared by Ruth Grossman Impact of Technology Change on Issue Areas.

I believe it may be helpful for you to try and frame "globalization" from two distinct perspectives, that is, i) economic, and ii) social. From the beginning you will immediately see that, depending on the so-called "lens" you try to answer your question from, the results for "economic" will be discernably different from "social." However, be mindful that many theorists as well as globalization proponents will argue that it is both economic and social (and indeed it is) . but not simultaneously, and here s why. If globalization were primarily a "social" concern or movement, then the natural resources of any given country would play less a role than the social issues of a country. the primary social issue being poverty as it s farily well agreed to that nearly 70% of the world s 6.6 billion people are living in some form of poverty, and between 45-50% of the total world population earns less than $2.00/day. To follow that further (and indeed I m simplifying this as not to write a treatise on the subject), proponents of globalization are looking for markets to exploit and expand. people are not considered beyond their economic value as labor -and cheap labor at that. As such, the social issue of poverty is not viewed as a tragedy (often one that is not brought on by the people themselves), unless there are natural resources (raw material) to plunder. then, the poverty of the people is blended into the mix and becomes a salient point ONLY AFTER it has been determined that a profit can be made (from literally stealing the natural resources and/or using the cheap labor). If you need to verify this, pause to consider the world s most impoverished places and then ask, why is place X being "globalized" and place Y not (when both are grossly impoverished). In my view, your answer will come from knowing that place X has natural resources and/or cheap labor to exploit and place Y does not. Furthermore, if you review the past twenty years of "globalization" the literature will confirm that most impoverished places across the earth that were targeted as good for globalization -and, with a wink and nod- also good for raising people out of poverty, have actually gotten worse. Of course, some people will rise a level or two above the floor of poverty -as is noted throughout history (with or without globalization s efforts), however, the truer test of globalization s intent (i.e., economic or social?) can be found in the results of globalization s efforts and that is typically the tightly-knit community of government officials and business folk who forge relationships that allow for the rape and plunder of natural resources -and at times, even the human resources, in order to improve their own lots. In my view, globalization will never rise the world s poor out of poverty. not because it s actually not capable (that s what social justice is about), but because there is no true (real)intention for globalization to do that. Good luck with your report -the world need more of it!

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Abstract. This article reviews the literature on the politics of bureaucracy in the developing world, with a focus on service delivery and bureaucratic performance.