Robotic surgery dates back to 1985 when a neurosurgeon used an early model of a surgical robot to successfully perform […]
Early childhood is a stage when children develop basic skills and learn to become self- sufficient (Loehr & Meyers, 2009). […]
This working paper from the National Scientific Council on the Developing Child defines the concept of “ toxic stress ”—what happens when children experience severe, prolonged adversity without adult support. It discusses how significant adversity early in life can alter a child’s capacity to learn and adapt to stressful situations, as well as how sensitive and responsive caregiving can buffer the effects of such stress. The paper also suggests how to create policies that minimize the disruptive impacts of toxic stress on young children.
Suggested citation: National Scientific Council on the Developing Child (2005/2014). Excessive Stress Disrupts the Architecture of the Developing Brain: Working Paper No. 3. Updated Edition. Retrieved from
“The difficulty in science is often not so much how to make the discovery but rather to know that one has made it.” J.D. Bernal
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, A Peer-Reviewed Journal, 2010;16 (4):52-60.
PDF version of the complete paper: Cardiac Coherence and PTSD in Combat Veterans
1 III B.Tech Student, Dept Of Civil Engineering, N.B.K.R IST
2 III B.Tech Student, Dept Of Civil Engineering, N.B.K.R IST
G.H V SAI SIMHA 1
1. Graduate Student, Department of Civil Engineering, K L University, Vaddeswaram, Guntur.
This series allows members of the OFR staff and their coauthors to disseminate preliminary research findings in a format intended to generate discussion and critical comments.
Papers in the series are works in progress and subject to revision. Views and opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent official positions or policy of the OFR or Treasury.
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